Islam

78
2

“Righteous is he who believes in Allah and the Last Day and the Angels and the Scriptures and the Prophets.”

— Qur'an 2:177
Name Means

Arabic, "submission"

Adherents

1.6 billion

Place Founded

Arabian Peninsula

Date Founded

622 CE

Founder(s)

Muhammad

Major Branches

Sunni, Shi'a, Sufism

Beliefs

One God (Allah in Arabic); the same God revealed (imperfectly) in the Jewish and Christian Bibles

Practices

Five Pillars: Faith, Prayer, Alms, Pilgrimage, Fasting. Mosque services on Fridays. Ablutions before prayer. No alcohol or pork. Holidays related to the pilgrimage and fast of Ramadan.

Main Holidays

Al-Hijra, Ramadan, 'Id Al-Fitr

Texts

Qur'an (sacred text); Hadith (tradition)

Symbols

Star and crescent; name of Allah in Arabic; color green; mosque silhouette.

Islam is one of the largest religions in the world, with over 1 billion followers. It is a monotheistic faith based on revelations received by the Prophet Muhammad in 7th-century Saudi Arabia. The Arabic word islam means “submission,” reflecting the faith's central tenet of submitting to the will of God. Followers of Islam are called Muslims.

According to Islamic tradition, the angel Gabriel appeared to the Prophet over the course of 20 years, revealing to him many messages from God. Muslims recognize some earlier Judeo-Christian prophets—including Moses and Jesus—as messengers of of the same true God. But in Islam, but Muhammad is the last and greatest of the prophets, whose revelations alone are pure and uncorrupted.

The Prophet dedicated the remainder of his life to spreading a message of monotheism in a polytheistic world. In 622, he fled north to the city of Medina to escape growing persecution. This event marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. Eight years later, Muhammad returned to Mecca with an army and conquered the city for Islam. By Muhammad's death, 50 years later, the entire Arabian Peninsula had come under Muslim control.

The sacred text of Islam, the Qur'an, was written in Arabic within 30 years of Muhammad's death. Muslims believe it contains the literal word of God. Also important is the tradition of the sayings and actions of Muhammad and his companions, collected in the Hadith.

Islamic practices center on the Five Pillars of Islam—faith; prayer; fasting; pilgrimage to Mecca; and alms—and include several holidays and rituals as well.

Islam and the Judeo-Christian West have had a challenging relationship for centuries and today's conflicts in the Middle East are religiously charged. Thus a focus on the facts and efforts towards mutual understanding are particularly important when it comes to Islam.

Источник:

Books on Islam

Hand-selected books on Islam available for purchase at online bookstores.

Glossary of Islam

Definitions of terms related to Islam.

History of Islam

The story of Islam starts with the prophet Muhammad. However, Islam rose in a certain historical and geographical context. What was Arabia like before Muhammad and the rise of the Islamic religion? The Arabian Peninsula was originally the home of nomadic peoples who coped with the desert climate by migrating every season ("Arab" roughly translates as "desert dweller")...

Caliphate

Muhammad

Omayyad Dynasty

Ottomans

The Abbasid Caliphate

Islam Comparison Charts

As a monotheistic faith that originated in the Middle East, Islam has many similarities in belief and practice with Judaism and Christianity...

Christianity and Islam

Christianity and Islam and Judaism

Islam and Zoroastrianism

Jesus in World Religions

Shia and Sunni Islam

Islamic Beliefs

Beliefs are very important in Islam. To be considered a Muslim, one must believe and recite a statement of faith known as the Shahada: "There is no God but God, and Muhammad is his Prophet...

Afterlife

Allah

Creation

Human Nature

Mahdi

Other Religions

Prophets

Salvation

Six Articles of Faith

Islamic Ethics and Morality

Ethics are the rules or standards that govern moral human behavior. Islamic ethics are based primarily on the Qu'ran, the sacred text of Islam, and the Hadith, an authoritative collection of sayings attributed to the Prophet Muhammad...

Homosexuality

zakat

Islamic Holidays and Festivals

Islam has relatively few holidays compared to most other religions; nevertheless, sacred days and times are very important to Muslims. When holidays are being observed, it is common for routine social activities, such as work and commerce, to stop temporarily out of respect for the person or event being remembered...

Al-Hijra

Ashura

Calendar

Eid Al-Adha

Eid Al-Fitr

Ramadan

Islamic Objects

Religious objects, ritual items and other physical things related to Islam.

Art and Images

minaret

minbar

Islamic Sects and Schools

Islamic sects are not simply "denominations," if that word is understood to mean various valid approaches to the same religion. Members of one Islamic group do not usually recognize members of other groups as fellow Muslims, and open conflict between sects is not uncommon...

Ahmadiyya

Shi'a Islam

Sufism

Sunni Islam

Islamic sacred texts

In Islam, there are two main sacred texts: the Quran (also spelled "Koran") and the Hadith (or Hadeeth). These books teach and illustrate Islamic beliefs, values, and practices...

Hadith

Qur'an

Islamic symbols

The primary symbol of Islam is the star and crescent, which is featured on a number of flags in the Middle East. Other symbols include the name of Allah in Arabic script and a mosque silhouette.

star and crescent

Muslim rituals and practices

Certain sacred practices and rituals are very important to Muslims. They are a significant way that followers of Islam remember history, express conviction, and grow in devotion...

hajj

salat

sawm

shahada

Sacred Places of Islam

Certain places are important in Islamic history, in large part because they were important in the life of Muhammad, and are also important to present-day Muslims...

Jerusalem and Islam

Top 50 Muslim Countries

Timeline of Islam

The history of Islam at a glance.

  • Comments
Loading comments...