Compare Christian Denominations: Fast Facts

  Catholic Orthodox Lutheran Reformed/ Presbyterian Methodist/ Wesleyan Anglican/ Episcopalian
Date Founded as Distinct Denomination Gradual development;
1054 AD (Great Schism between East and West)
Gradual development;
1054 AD (Great Schism) (see GOAA)
1530 (Augsburg Confession) c. 1520 (Reformed);
1560 (Presbyterian)
1787 1534 (King Henry's Act of Supremacy)
Place(s) Founded Rome; Western Roman Empire Constantinople; Eastern Roman Empire Germany Switzerland, Scotland England England
Founders (in addition to Jesus, Apostles & Church Fathers) St. Peter (Catholic view); various bishops of Rome various eastern church fathers; Patriarch Michael Cerularius (1054) Martin Luther,
Philip Melanchthon
Ulrich Zwingli, John Calvin, Theodore Beza, John Wesley King Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth I, Thomas Cromwell, Thomas Cranmer, Hugh Latimer, Nicholas Ridley
Reformation Roots Catholic/Counter- Reformation n/a German Reformation Reformed Theology, Scottish Reformation English Reformation English Reformation
Number of Adherents 65 million in the US (Encyc. Britannica); 1.5 billion worldwide ( 5.9 million in the US (Encyc. Britannica); 225 million worldwide ( 66 million worldwide (LWF) 2.5 million in the PCUSA 8.3 million in UMC in 2003 70 million in 161 countries in the Anglican Communion (CofE); 2.3 million in the US (Encyc. Britannica)
Dominant Regions France, Italy, Spain, Latin America, USA Russia, Greece Germany, Scandanavia Switzerland, Scotland England, USA England
Original Language Latin Greek German French English English
Worship Guide Roman Missal Book of Concord Directory for Worship Book of Discipline Book of Common Prayer
Church Government episcopal episcopal episcopal presbyterian "connectional" episcopal
Major Churches in the USA n/a Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America; Orthodox Church in America; Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of North America Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA); Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod (LCMS) Presbyterian Church (USA) (PCUSA) United Methodist Church (UMC) Episcopalian Church in the USA
Other Churches n/a British Orthodox Church; Serbian Orthodox Chuch; Orthodox Church of Finland; Russian Orthodox Church Evangelical Lutheran Church in Italy; Church of Norway (for more, see LWF) Presbyterian Church of Wales; Reformed Church of France Methodist Church in Great Britain Church of England (CofE); Scottish Episcopal Church
World Council of Churches Member? no some yes; some no ELCA - yes;
LCMS - no
yes yes yes
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