Compare Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestant Christianity


The following chart provides a quick-reference guide to the major similarities and differences between the beliefs and practices of Jehovah's Witnesses and mainstream Protestant Christianity. As is always the case with charts and summaries, the information is simplified for brevity and should be used alongside more complete explanations. The beliefs listed for both Witnesses and Protestant Christians represent those of most, but not all, churches or individuals within that tradition.

  Jehovah's Witnesses Protestant Christianity
Religious Authority
The New World Translation (NWT) of the Bible The Bible NIV, KJV, NRSV, etc. translations(Also see: Bible translations)
Bible Sections
"Hebrew Scriptures" and "Christian Greek Scriptures" (See Jehovah's Witnesses texts) "Old Testament" and "New Testament"
Jehovah Trinitarian God
Trinity Rejected Affirmed
Identity of Jesus Christ
Son of God, Word of God, God's first creation, Archangel Michael (See Jesus Christ)
Son of God, Word of God, God, second Person of the Trinity(See Christology)
Holy Spirit
God's active force (impersonal) God, Third Person of the Trinity
Results of Fall Physical and spiritual death entered the world Physical death, tendency to sin
Free will
Free to do good or evil (See 10 Articles) Free will to do good is seriously impaired
Purpose of Christ's Incarnation
Teach about God, provide a model for right living, die sacrificially for human sin (See Jesus Christ) Teach about God, provide a model for right living, die sacrificially for human sin, reveal God directly to humanity
Means of Christ's Execution
Crucifixion on an upright stake (no crossbar) Crucifixion on a cross (See Jesus Christ)
Resurrection of Christ?
Yes Yes(Also see Easter)
Both faith and works;
works emphasized.
Both faith and works;
faith emphasized
Second Chance After Death?
Yes No
Afterlife Souls of wicked are annihilated, a select few Witnesses go to Heaven, other Witnesses enjoy a paradise earth for eternity (See Afterlife)
Souls of wicked sent to Hell, believers go to Heaven for eternity(S ee Afterlife)
Hell Exists as a place of the dead (Jesus went there), but hellfire does not exist; idea was invented by Satan to turn people from Jehovah. Place (or state of being) of eternal torment and distance from God.
Place of Worship Kingdom Hall Church(See Christian practices)
Meaning of Sacraments Symbolic acts commanded by Christ Symbolic acts commanded by Christ (some Protestant); means of grace if received with faith (Catholic, Orthodox, and some Protestant). (See Comparison Chart of Christian denominations)
Number of Sacraments
Two: Baptism and Lord's Supper Two: Baptism and Lord's Supper (seven in Catholicism)
The watchtower Cross, fish & others
Memorial of Christ's Death only Easter, Christmas, saint's days, several others
Involvement in Politics
Minimal Full
Blood Transfusions
Rejected Accepted
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