Why did the Crescent become a symbol of Islam?


Why did the Crescent become a symbol of Islam?

You may have noticed that the flags of many Muslim countries depict a Crescent with a five-pointed star. Moreover, the Crescent moon, which points in the direction of Qibla, is also installed on the minarets of mosques. It is not surprising that based on these factors, the sign became a symbol of Islam. Today we will go into the issue in more detail. I will try to answer whether the Crescent is actually an Islamic symbol, and in General, whether it has anything to do with the religion of Allah.

What do the legends say?

Today, you can hear a lot of versions about how Muslims got this symbol. The most popular and frequently encountered version States that the Muslims adopted the Crescent from the Byzantines, who worshipped the moon. The fact is that in the 4th century BC, the army of Philip II of Macedon planned to capture Byzantium. According to the Macedonian plan, the capture was to take place in the dark, and the attack was to be unexpected. However, that night the moon shone brighter than ever, which gave the Macedonians away and their plan failed. Celebrating the victory, the Byzantines thanked the goddess of the moon (Hecate). Since then, the Crescent has been considered a symbol of Byzantium. In 1453, the capital of the Byzantine Empire was conquered and ceased to exist, after which, according to legend, the Turks who took Constantinople adopted the symbol from the local population and began to actively use it on their banners.

According to the second version, the founder of the Ottoman Empire saw a dream where the Crescent moon illuminated all the neighboring lands and considered it a sign from above. Sultan Osman I, interpreted his dream as an omen that his descendants would soon be invading vast territories. It was for this reason that the Sultan decided to make the Crescent a symbol of his dynasty.

The third story tells about Sultan Murad II, who was walking on the field after the battle and saw the reflection of the new moon in a large pool of blood. Impressed by this picture, the Ottoman ruler decided to give the Crescent an official status and it became a symbol of the dynasty.

How do Muslims and scientists relate to the Crescent?

The majority of theologians agree that the Crescent and star have absolutely nothing to do with Islam. No recommendations regarding the veneration of this symbol are contained either in the most pure Sunnah or in the Holy Koran. In addition, the first Muslims also did not believe that the night star is their iconic attribute.

These Alim believe that this symbol is rather an element of the history and culture of Turkey, but not of Islam. For this reason, it is not allowed to wear a Crescent around your neck and believe that it will become a protection.

However, some scholars still see some connection between this symbol and the religion of Allah. In particular, they claim that the Crescent moon is a symbol of reverence for the moon, as the main element of the calculation of years among Muslims. As for the five-pointed star, it means 5 tables in the religion of Monotheism.

Thus, the Crescent appeared in the culture of Islam very long ago, during the Ottoman Empire, and primarily refers to the traditions of the Turkish people, and not to the religion of Muslims in General. However, this does not mean that Muslims are prohibited from wearing Crescent-shaped pendants or clothing with similar images. In such a situation, everything depends on the intention. If a person wears a Crescent moon only for beauty, there is nothing wrong with it, but if he believes that this symbol acts as a talisman, it is considered a sin and is equated to a screen.