Hinduism is a world religion


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A wife who fulfills the same vows as her husband

In India, the wife always helps her husband in every possible way to fulfill his duty and this is not discussed. For example, among the duties of a wife – taking care of the house, the health of each family member, cooking. In this situation, the husband can be 100% confident and calm that everything is good in the family, this will allow him to concentrate on work as much as possible.

In addition, the above means that the wife is obliged to accept the financial situation of the husband. She has no right to demand more from him, to show her dissatisfaction with what he can give her. If we talk about the Indian tradition, the bride gets a pot with a small amount, which you need to wash your face, hands and feet, saving a certain amount of water. Based on the results of this test, we can conclude how economical a wife she will be in family life.

An interesting question: "What is the main quality a woman should have in order to preserve her family?» The answer is obvious! A woman in India just needs to feed her family very well, manage the family income intelligently, exclusively within the funds that her husband earns. A woman should not have a violent desire to acquire unnecessary things, otherwise, her husband will need to work hard. That is why a wife must maintain a certain balance.

And according to the shastram (Padma Purana), even if a woman has to work for any reason, everything that she brings to the house belongs to her husband, father or adult son, in short, the person under whose protection she is. The further decision on what can be allocated from the family budget is made by this person. Today, Indians, especially in large cities, are not willing to adhere to their own traditions, and early marriages often turn into a farce (they can be organized solely for the sake of dowry). Many parents are eager to educate their children and are proud of their success. If their daughter is single and childless by the age of 30, but she is a doctor of science, then this is undoubtedly a reason for pride. If compared with the West, the ideals of career and material success are not so strong, then in India, which is far behind in terms of economic indicators, the desire for these ideals is only gaining momentum.

Even if a man no longer has the opportunity to earn money, the wife should not even think about divorce. Today in India, many ordinary workers, whose daily earnings are from 50 to 100 rupees, look like a needle, are always neat, dressed in clean clothes, carry home-made food containers to work, which their wives carefully collect. There are many stories in the shastras that serve as a real example for modern women in India. This is an opportunity to better understand how to follow your husband's vows. Princess SITA of the Ramayana decided to follow her young husband into exile in the forest, despite the fact that she could stay in the Palace and continue her life in comfort and convenience. At the wedding of the Queen Gandhari of the Mahabharata and the blind man Dhritarashtra, the girl blindfolded herself so that she would forever be plunged into darkness and obey her husband in everything, even in blindness.

Are there any divorces in India?

Recently, a friend of mine asked me if it is true that India has the lowest divorce rate in the world, and why is this so? I answered jokingly: "Yes, because the groom gets a gun as a gift for the wedding, and the bride draws a red dot on her forehead." However, if you put aside the jokes, then everything is much more serious and this question is quite interesting. Therefore, I decided to talk to You today on the topic of divorce in India.

Indeed, in India, the divorce rate is so low that many people think that in this country, divorce is simply prohibited at the legislative level. It is true that before 1955, divorce was prohibited, but even after it was allowed, the issue is incredibly complex. In India, there are many different laws related to divorce. Moreover, the Hindus live under the same laws, the Christians another, the Muslims in the third. In short, there are two ways to get a divorce in India-either by court order or by mutual consent. If the divorce is carried out by mutual consent, the husband and wife themselves discuss all the nuances regarding alimony and children and go to court with this agreement. It is noteworthy that the law does not set any maximum or minimum alimony. In this situation, before the divorce, the young are given another 6 months to think about everything carefully.

If one of the partners does not agree with the divorce, then it can be achieved through the court based on the grounds established by law:

· Treason. If a wife is unfaithful to her husband or Vice versa, this is considered a criminal offense that must be proved.

· Cruelty. We are talking about both physical and psychological violence. In relation to the latter, evidence is required that these were deliberate actions and there were many of them. This category also includes perverted sex, food deprivation, and so on.

* Recognition as dead (if the person has been missing for more than 7 years).

· Mental disorder.

* Conversion to another religion.

By the way, there are special reasons for divorce that can be used exclusively by women. For example, if the girl was married before the age of 15, or if the husband left his wife and at least 12 months have passed since then (and the husband refuses to give his wife the maintenance that the court ordered).

It is also impossible not to mention that in India, contractual marriages are quite strong. More than 90% of all marriages are concluded in this way. This problem in this situation is not even in the absence of love, but in the fact that marriage is essentially not a Union of two people, but a Union of two families. In this case, families invest a lot of money in their children's marriages, and this issue is often a prestigious one for them. If we talk about a woman, then with a high probability, she will not be accepted back into the house of her parents. Divorce for a woman means a lot of embarrassment, and it is especially hard for women who live in rural areas where you are known by all the inhabitants. Such women have very great difficulties in finding work or renting housing. At the same time, it will be much more difficult for such families to marry their younger children in the future. Even 15-20 years ago, the word divorce was classified as a swear word, and a love marriage could cause a real scandal. By the way, it is not uncommon for a husband and wife to leave without an official divorce.

Indian women: about children and lack of social ambitions

Often, in conversations in social networks, if they talk about India (and I personally have conversations about Hinduism in particular are very frequent), then you can hear from friends that all women in India are oppressed, exploited, and so on. If it is perceived under oppression that women in India have a secondary social role in society, it is impossible to disagree with this. Today, in India, the role of the family is still incredibly developed, which is typical for many traditional cultures, when women were solely responsible for raising children and working in the household. There is no question of any career or professional development here.

Children and women's social ambitions in India

Indian women are almost inseparable from their children and husbands. Those women who adhere to the traditional way of life, when they see female tourists, ask questions about their family, children, and parents. They are very much surprised at how a person can leave his family, mother and father at home and go to another country. They believe that relatives suffer incredibly much in separation. When observing these women, it becomes clear that they all do not work, they are engaged exclusively in the home and children, but at the same time, it is unlikely that anyone will turn the tongue to call them uneducated. Women are taught to write and read as children. After all the chores are done, the women meet together in the temple, sing songs, chat, dance, and discuss the news. Also, Indian girls are very fond of reading, they are well aware of all the Scriptures, they quote verses from them by heart. One way or another, most women in India have absolutely no social ambitions. Of course, the reason for this is the deepest religiosity. A woman relies on her husband and God in everything, as well as on relatives and neighbors who can support her if trouble comes to the house.

For women in India, children are not an obstacle to a career or a burden. For motherhood, girls are prepared from childhood. In traditional Indian families, there are many children, for this reason, the older ones do not play with dolls, but babysit their younger brothers and sisters, as well as with children who live in the neighborhood. Every child in such a large family has not one, but many mothers, and they treat their sisters with no less respect than their mothers. Women treat everyone equally, with great care and attention, without making any distinctions for parents, brothers, their wives, etc. Children are literally bathed in the love of a variety of mothers who do not even think about sending them to kindergarten or starting to build a career.

Women in India give all their love to their children, especially their sons. After they grow up, they feel they owe their mother a huge debt. Is it any wonder that they don't even think about leaving their old mother and father to die alone in a nursing home? By the way, it is quite interesting that in India, only civil servants receive a pension, and for everyone else it is not allowed. This is because the elderly often live here with their children, and they are sure that when they are no longer able to work, they will be taken care of by their relatives.

Why are there so many gods in India and who is the main one?

When it comes to India, as a rule, most people have a firm belief that polytheism and polytheism are widespread in this country. This view is very well known and partly true. In this country, the worship of different gods by people is a way to get those different benefits. This can be both material and spiritual benefits. Let's try to understand what kind of gods are worshipped by the people of India, as well as what makes them do it.


In October, Hindus celebrate Durga Puja. This is a celebration dedicated to the goddess Durga. In some States of the country, official weekends are set for four days. During the celebration, drums and brass cymbals sound loudly, mantras are sung, and large statues of Durga are placed on the roads. The goddess with many hands is the personification of the creative and destructive power of nature. Often, it is invoked to protect and destroy everything that prevents people from living. It can be suffering, pain, or illness. Sometimes, the hands and face of the goddess are bloodied, while she sits on a lion or tiger, and holds a weapon in her hands. The statue of Durga is decorated with neem leaves, rubbed with turmeric, watered with milk, while pearls, beads or Rudraksha are hung around the neck.

Historically, the worship of Durga was performed by members of the lowest castes, or even people who were not part of any caste, who had low habits (for example, eating meat). These people could eat the flesh of slaughtered animals (birds, goats, deer, tigers, turtles), but only after the meat was offered to the goddess. It is for this reason that, according to tradition, on the days of the celebration dedicated to Durga, there are fire sacrifices, during which people kill animals by saying the words: "Now I'll eat you, and then you'll eat me." Thus, people who are going to eat meat agree that in their next life they will be killed in this way. Today in India, meat eaters are treated loyally, so such animal sacrifices are very rare.

Ganesh and Lakshmi

A less exotic cult. Almost all stores in India are filled with images and statuettes of Ganesh. You must have seen them – a man with an elephant's head and a rounded belly. The worship of Ganesha is the removal of all obstacles that stand in the spiritual and material path. It is for this purpose that the worship of the goddess named Lakshmi takes place, images of which can also be found everywhere in India. Even money is called "Lakshmi" by Hindus, who treat it with great respect.


Quite common in India is the worship of Shiva. Religious girls of the country today worship this God in order to get a good husband. It's worth clarifying here. Good does not mean rich, because the Scriptures say that Shiva himself, despite being the husband of Durga, lives the life of a hermit. This is a Holy person, so if a girl wants to get a pious and intelligent husband, then she worships Shiva. Also, this God is worshipped with prayers for obtaining wealth, since the Scriptures indicate that it can be easily satisfied.

As a rule, modern residents of India prefer to worship different gods at the same time. On specific days, according to the lunar calendar, they fast for several days in order to receive certain benefits from God, which are manifested in money, health, success, marriage, successful exams, etc.

Who are the demigods and should they be worshipped?

At that time, when I studied the history of various gods, delved into the subtleties of worship rituals, I always wondered which God is the main one, which of them has the greatest power? Later, the answer to this question was still found. Oddly enough, I found the answer in the main treatises, as well as in personal communication with scientists.

In particular, I soon realized that in relation to the described gods, of which there are more than 330,000,000 in Hinduism, it is more correct to use the term "demigod" rather than "God". This term was widely used in the Scriptures. Similarly, the demigods are called "Sura", "Devata". If we draw Parallels between Hinduism and Christianity, the demigod can be compared to an angel or Archangel. In the rig Veda, you can learn about 33 major demigods, and their total number, according to various information, is about 330 million, as already mentioned above. The position of each demigod is explained by a simplified comparison. Each demigod acts as something like a Manager, whose duties include managing a particular corporate Department. However, each Manager must have a Manager (in this case, the owner of the company), which in Hinduism is just the same and acts as a single God. The description of this one God can be found in many Sastras. For this reason, the Vedic religious system is deeply monotheistic.

Due to the fact that there are many different Scriptures in India that are designed for people with different levels of consciousness, there is very often confusion. People who want to enjoy this world, and also want to receive material benefits, read the Scriptures with one interpretation. By adhering to these rules, they will gradually clear their minds. For those people who have already been able to rise above worldly goals and want to get spiritual knowledge, there are also works here. You can say even more, these rules, worship demigods is even forbidden. For example, the world-recognized philosophical treatise Bhagavad-Gita says that worshippers of demigods are fools. The treatise focuses on the clouding of their minds with material desires, that they do not see that the fruits of worship are transitory. For example, if a person worships the goddess Uma, while living with a beautiful, obedient wife. But at the moment of death, his wife will still be taken away from him, as well as the health given at the beginning of life, acquired knowledge and accumulated wealth. For this reason, people who worship demigods simply spend their time doing so. They are called short-sighted, they are not considered to be interested in the search for eternal good. And to achieve this eternal good, i.e. to create a situation where rebirth in other bodies will stop, the Sastras recommend worshipping one God.

I have heard many direct and rather harsh sermons in various temples in India, where people were encouraged to refuse to worship the demigods. If you water the root of a tree, i.e., worship the one God, then naturally the branches and leaves will also become saturated (i.e., demigods). Worship of demigods in India today has not become authoritative. People do not adhere to certain principles and rules, spontaneously perform rituals based on personal preferences.

Why is it difficult for Europeans to understand what Hinduism is?

A friend of mine, when he learned that I was a Hindu, said: "Yes, with Hindus everything is clear, if they have karma-cow." I was very much surprised, I should have asked what exactly he meant. He just thought that I didn't understand at all, and it seemed that my question in response might have surprised him even more. But unfortunately, there was no time to talk about the fact that not everything is so simple. For him, I was still a person who was not even familiar with the General characteristics of Hinduism. In fact, most of the stereotypical thinking results in total misunderstanding. For example, is it possible to understand Hindu polytheism? To do this, it would be useful to go beyond the known concepts and try to delve into the culture.

The phenomenon of worship and reverence for something has always been there, and religion is the term that everyone began to describe it with the beginning of a New era, which returned its view from God to man, divided life into two spheres: religious and secular. It gave rise to the idea of a person's freedom to choose which "religious" he likes best, or the ability to refuse it. Since faith becomes a personal matter for everyone, there is a term describing this faith - "religion", and it is in this sense that it arises in the Western European Catholic world. Later, mainly due to the discipline of religious studies, they began to refer to any organized worship of higher powers. Having seen strange rites and practices in Hindustan for the European eye and understanding, the British colonizers in the 18th century had no choice but to artificially invest all the incomprehensible and strange things they saw in the framework of an understandable and familiar concept - "religion".

Despite the fact that this term is often used in the scientific literature in the totality of spiritual practices in India, it does not reflect the essence of a unique belief system that has gone far beyond its borders, covering Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Thailand, and the whole world. The British could not come up with a name for it for a long time, but again " ISM " came to the rescue, resulting in "Hinduism".

Another feature of Hinduism that makes it difficult for Europeans to understand religion is its extreme heterogeneity. After counting the number of gods in Hinduism, the number of 330 million appeared, but for the Hindus themselves, their number is quite insignificant, and the followers of some Hindu philosophical schools note that they do not exist at all. It is also worth noting that among the 330 million divine beings there is no hierarchy, they are not worshipped overnight, and their number is not constant, because they are joined by the living gods of our time, as well as spiritual gurus who proclaim their divine nature.

And finally, a few words about the cow and karma. The view that karma is closely related to all the diversity of Hinduism is simply impossible not to share. And if we talk about the cow, which in India is called "Gau-Mata" (translated-cow-mother), really plays a very important role in the minds of the country's residents. To some extent, the friend I mentioned earlier was right. But in order to characterize Indian culture, he was only able to use what is most incomprehensible to the Slavic people. If we talk about everything else, apart from the cow and karma, everything looks more than obvious. If we consider the" other " moments superficially, then for the layman they look incomprehensible and confusing. This is simply impossible to understand without some knowledge.

Karni Mata-an Indian temple where rats are worshipped

India is an amazing country that has always attracted a lot of interest, which has not abated for centuries. I know firsthand that Indian reality can shock an unprepared person. I am not talking about total poverty, but also about cultural peculiarities. It is enough to recall the aghori sect of sorcerers, the" city of the dead " of Varanansi, or the custom by which the dead are buried in the Ganges. Today I want to tell you about a rather unusual place that will cause a lot of surprise for many. This is the Karni Mata temple, located in the settlement of Deshnok (India), which is known throughout the world as the temple of rats.

Carney Mata

In 1387, a girl named Nari Bai was born in a village near Jodhpur. Even at an early age, others noted her unusual abilities, so even during her life, Nari Bai was recognized as one of the incarnations of the goddess Durga. This girl's behavior was completely unusual. It is because of this that she became known as Karni Mata, which means "irrational mother".

At the age of 28, Karni Mata got married, but she refused to fulfill her marital duties, so she offered her own husband to marry her younger sister. After two years of marriage, she separated from her husband and went to preach in the surrounding area. For ten centuries Karni Mata continued her wanderings until she finally settled in Deshnok.

In 1463, Karni Mata's stepson, named Lakhan, drowned in the city pond. The girl asked the God of death, the God of death, to resurrect him, but the request was ignored. After Karni's refusal, Mata took offense and declared that her stepson, as well as other deceased men from her caste, would never end up in the Yama Kingdom. First they will be reborn in the body of a rat, and then they will become human again.

In 1538, at the age of 151, Karni Mata mysteriously disappeared after a visit to the Maharaja of Jaisalmer. At the end of the 15th century, the Karni Mata temple was built (as a shelter for souls embodied in the form of rats and for the worship of Durga.), at the entrance of which you can see hundreds of stone statues of rats. However, this type of temple acquired only in the early 20th century. It was reconstructed by Ganga Singh.

Rat Temple today

The temple itself has a very light atmosphere. There are more than 20,000 rats in the temple, so it is considered a good sign if the reincarnated run over the legs of visitors or even crawl up their trousers. The temple is completely set up for rats. Several dozen people prepare food around the clock in a special room. By the way, these cooks also eat from the same pot and they are not at all confused by the fact that animals run directly over the products. Several times a day, large vats of milk and water are taken out for the rats. However, they are never hungry, because the pilgrims bring them just countless sweets.

To facilitate the movement of the temple's inhabitants, its walls and floor are dotted with man-made tunnels where the reborn hide in the midday heat. Closer to 4-5 PM, they get out of their hiding places, starting to show activity, playing with each other, completely unafraid of people. They are the rightful owners of the temple.

Why is the cow sacred in India?

You probably know what kind of animal Hindus consider sacred. It's a cow! In India, these animals are not killed or eaten, they are worshipped. Moreover, the rights of cows are protected no less than human rights. You've probably wondered why it all worked out this way. There are lions, tigers, or elephants. I will try to tell you about the religious and practical version, and it is up to you to decide.

The religious version

First of all, it should be said that India is Hinduism. Therefore, it is more correct to say that the cow is sacred not in India itself, but in Hinduism. Thus, if we take neighboring Nepal, where the majority of the population is Hindu, then here the cow is no less a sacred animal. Let's try to understand what is sacred in it?

According to ancient writings, sacred cow Kamadhenu had the power of wish fulfillment. Hindus believe that a part of this sacred cow is present in all cows that live on earth. The one who correctly asks for such an animal, for that it will fulfill any desire. And one more thing – one of the main things in Hinduism-Shiva rides a sacred cow.

Practical version

In addition to religion, Hindus also live an ordinary life, which is also simply impossible to imagine without cows. To begin with, the cow is a source of milk, and it in turn is the food of babies. Therefore, the cow provides food for the growth of children, especially if the mother does not have this opportunity. Cows in Hinduism are called "Gau-Mata" (translation – mother cow). In India, milk is a very popular product and you can not do without a cow when creating butter, and tea in the Hindus is brewed with milk.

If we talk about agriculture, there is also no way without a cow. Cow plow the fields to be used as the vehicle. Special firewood is created from cow dung, which makes mosquitoes afraid of smoke. They are used not only as fertilizers, but also in medicine or construction.

Hinduism and cow meat eating

Meat is not eaten in India. The religion provides for the rejection of meat, so the majority of real Hindus are vegetarians. It is not surprising that the first step that a future vegetarian should take is to completely give up meat.

Cows live pretty well in India. They can saunter along an eight-lane road in a major city, bask on beaches, go into vegetable gardens and eat whatever they want. At the same time, the owner will consider such a gesture of the animal, nothing more than a sign of future happiness. If a Hindu meets a stray cow, of which there are a lot in India, it is considered that it is a sacred thing to feed such an animal. This is why the first piece should be given to a hungry cow, and the second can be eaten by yourself.

Reincarnation in Hinduism

Namaste. Today I want to talk about one of the foundations of Hinduism – reincarnation. Of course, India is only one of the countries that believe that souls migrate after death. This is not just because Hinduism is practiced by people from different countries. The very concept of reincarnation of the soul is characteristic of many religions. In particular, it is often found in the beliefs of various traditional tribes around the world.

Let's go into the question in more detail. In Latin, "reincarnation" means "reincarnation". In Hinduism, this process is referred to as "Punarjanma". To put it even more simply, reincarnation refers to the transmigration of the soul. People who believe in it believe that not the body has a soul, but the soul has a body. After the body dies, the soul leaves it and changes it, just as a person changes clothes when they are no longer fit to wear. However, the soul does not have the ability to choose any body that it likes. What kind of body a person will be reincarnated in depends on their karma in a previous life. If a person in a previous life behaved unworthily, then he can reincarnate in the body of an animal or bird.

At the same time, if a person has died, but he has many unfulfilled desires or unfinished business, the rebirth of the soul into a new body is impossible. It will bend between the worlds until all desires come true, and things will not find their logical conclusion. According to beliefs, before rebirth, the soul must be freed from memories from a previous life. For this reason, when performing post-mortem rituals, Hindus beat the deceased on the head. It is believed that this helps the soul to forget its life. No matter how hard you try, 100% erasing your memories is an impossible task. They will remain, but they will be in the subconscious of the new being. Jews believe that our subconscious mind stores information about all the events that happened to our soul throughout all our lives on earth, but because the soul is not pure enough, we do not have the ability to remember all our lives.

According to Hinduism, any living creature has 7 lives, during which there is a constant rebirth of the soul. After the end of the last life, the soul becomes free. At the same time, during reincarnation, the soul cannot find a new body for itself instantly. This may take a year or even a dozen years.