Who can not observe the Dormition fast

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Who can not observe the Dormition fast
MOSCOW, 14 Aug-RIA Novosti. Orthodox Christians begin a two-week Dormition fast. It is short, but very strict. About what the features of this post are, who and how necessary it is to follow all its instructions, — in the material of RIA Novosti.The Dormition fast is preceded by a large Church holiday, one of the twelve main ones of the year — the Dormition of the most Holy Theotokos. Orthodox celebrate it on August 28 and call it "Theotokos ' Easter". According to legend, the mother of God did not die, but "fell asleep" (hence the name of the holiday — the assumption) and her soul was taken to heaven by Jesus Christ.This happened in the middle of the first century. However, Christians did not immediately understand the significance of this event. As well as the role of the virgin Mary herself. For almost five hundred years, believers have been arguing about it. Against the background of uncertainty, numerous heresies appeared that belittled her role in the Church, and with it, the status of a woman.It took two Ecumenical councils — the 3rd of Ephesus (431) and the 4th of Chalcedon (541), to finally define the dogma of the Theotokos. In the following decades, the faithful comprehend all the known events of the life of the virgin Mary. And the feast of the assumption finally enters the calendar in the VI century.But it was later added to the list of particularly significant ones. This is indicated by the fact that at first there was no post in front of him."This is a long-standing tradition that arose long before Christianity: before any important events, people fasted, thereby morally preparing themselves. Over time, the custom became ecclesiastical. Believers fasted before Christmas, Easter, the day of the apostles Peter and Paul and the Assumption, " explains the famous Church missionary hieromonk Makarii (Markish).The duration of abstinence varied depending on the community. Western Christians, for example, ate no more than three days. And so far-Catholics before the Assumption, which they have on August 15, fast only for a day.In the Eastern Church, abstinence is longer. The Orthodox Dormition fast lasts for two weeks, from August 14 to 27. It is not known for certain when this custom was established. However, historians and theologians are unanimous: this post, like the feast of the assumption itself, appeared later than the others.Experts can not answer another question: why multi-day posts differ in severity. For example, in Petrov and Rozhdestvensky on Saturdays and Sundays you can eat fish, but in Veliky and Uspensky you can not. Ordinary believers pay special attention to the issue of fast food."According to the Charter, the posts are different. This has happened historically. Although initially they, being short, assumed complete abstinence from food and drink," — says the Church publicist, hieromonk-resuscitator feodorit (Senchukov).Not everyone can withstand such a severe test. Therefore, the Church has developed a complex system of rules for when and what to eat. According to father Theodoret, the culinary subtleties depend on many factors — for example, the importance of fasting in terms of theology, the time of year. All this is written in the Church Charter.It turns out that the assumption post is the strictest. On Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, believers should adhere to dry eating. On Tuesday and Thursday, cooked food without vegetable oil is allowed. You can cook on it on Saturdays and Sundays. At the same time, wine is allowed, but in small quantities."Lent has many more holidays with allowances. But it is much longer than Ouspensky, " the hieromonk notes.In the fast before the main feast of the mother of God, only once can you eat fish: on the feast of the Transfiguration of the Lord, August 19.Although the Dormition fast is the strictest, this, according to the priests, does not mean that everyone should observe it, following the rules. Often believers, especially those who have recently become Church members, make a mistake: they take on an impossible burden."Interestingly, this problem has only emerged in recent decades. Previously, people asked the priest about everything, and he explained to everyone what to do. Today, a person can get a "Typicon" (a book with the Charter) on the screen of their gadget. - Ed.) in full. Begins to read about dry-eating, polyelei (holidays when you can eat vegetable oil. - Ed.), and the brains are tied in a bow, " - indicates hieromonk Makarii (Markish).Therefore, the clergy constantly warn the laity: the monastic rule is one thing. According to Markish, it was formed as much as a thousand years ago in the Mediterranean region and took into account the realities of that time. Now everything is different. Even each monastery develops its own rules of worship."Ordinary people should adhere to the General custom of the Russian Orthodox Church-to abstain from meat, dairy food, eggs and fish. This lean regime is justified. And you should not engage in fantasies and self-abuse, " the cleric warns.However, these rather General rules are not suitable for everyone. According to father Makarii, there are some subtleties in determining the severity of fasting for a particular person."First of all, this is an objective physical state. As early as the fourth century, patients were allowed to fast as they could. Or - on the recommendations of a doctor. Pregnant and nursing women may also not fast, " he says.This does not apply to children. Although it is not uncommon for religious parents, Markish points out, to force their offspring to "fast on equal terms". This, according to the hieromonk, is wrong: "we need to act according to the situation." In addition, young children up to seven years of age are completely exempt from fasting."There may also be personal moments. The person discusses them with the priest. Let me give you an example from my experience.  One of the parishioners says that she can't live without sweets. So, it is useful for her to abstain from them during the fast. And sometimes the opposite happens: a person is engaged in hard physical labor — working on a construction site all day. And he, by his own admission, can't live without meat. You can give him a break, because he has such conditions, " says father Makarii.However, each case is individual, he emphasizes. All questions related to fasting should be discussed with the priest, for example, at confession. The main thing, the hieromonk emphasizes, is to maintain prudence — no matter how strict the fast may be.
Источник: https://ria.ru/20200814/1575760157.html
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