"the Muslims did not agree." How will the problem with mosques be solved

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"the Muslims did not agree." How will the problem with mosques be solved
Moscow, 30 Sep — RIA Novosti, Oleg Nalisnik. Followers of Islam in Russia have no place to pray — at least, according to the Muftis. In a country with a multi-million and growing Muslim population, they say, there are not enough mosques: they are being built very slowly. What is the reason and how to solve the problem — understood the correspondent of RIA Novosti.The spiritual administration of Muslims of Russia (DUM) — one of the three centralized Islamic organizations of Federal significance — has identified the main goal: to build mosques."Our priority task is to build mosques in cities with millions of people or large urban centers, where the lack of Muslim infrastructure is particularly acute. These include Vladivostok, Volgograd, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg, Kaliningrad, Lipetsk, Sochi, Rostov-on-don," its first Deputy Chairman, mufti Damir Mukhetdinov, said at a meeting of the DUMA the other day.The problem is also relevant for Moscow. Earlier, the DUMA repeatedly complained that four mosques "are not enough for two million Muslims in the capital." This is especially noticeable during major holidays — Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Fitr. Prayer houses do not accommodate those who wish, so many people come to the morning prayer at midnight. The surrounding streets are busy with crowds of believers. The authorities are blocking traffic, and some metro stations (such as Prospekt Mira near the Moscow Cathedral mosque) are only open for exits. This irritates the townspeople.In General, in Russia, according to the DUMA, about seven thousand mosques are officially registered. In addition, there are prayer rooms that believers do not report to the Ministry of justice.This number was not even in the Russian Empire. The Soviet period is out of the question — there were only a few dozen prayer houses operating throughout the country, mainly in Central Asia.After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the nineties in the traditional Muslim regions of Russia, the issue was quickly resolved — they began to build mosques. Now there are most of them in Dagestan (almost three thousand) and Tatarstan (over one and a half thousand). In other regions, pre-revolutionary buildings were mostly restored."All the historical mosques of Russia outside the Caucasian area, or Tatar mosques, as they were called until the beginning of the twentieth century, which are at the disposal Of the spiritual administration of Muslims, have already been restored or are in the process of reconstruction. These are the Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Perm, Tver, Chita, Yaroslavl Cathedral mosques, the new Kasimov mosque, two Moscow mosques and others," mufti Damir Mukhetdinov lists.However, according to the Muslim clergy, prayers are not enough. The fact is that there are a lot of followers of Islam in Russia today. According to muftiats ' estimates — over 25 million (about seventeen percent of the population). Data from the 2002 census are different — about 15 million (about ten percent).And these are only Russian citizens. But there are still labor migrants from Central Asian countries: according to various estimates, eight to ten million people. According to experts, their number, taking into account the natural decline of the indigenous population of Russia, will continue to grow.As noted in the Russian Muslim community, difficulties with mosques begin even before their construction. Often the process ends at the preparatory stage, because believers can not agree with the authorities on the desired site. This leads to conflicts.One has been going on for several days in Saratov. The city Duma banned the construction of a mosque on a historical site — in the center, as before the revolution. There's a Parking lot there now.The reason for this decision was the discontent of local residents. "They are not against Islam in General, but they believe that holding religious events will cause inconvenience," Deputy Dmitry Sorokin said at a meeting of the Duma.The authorities want to create a "recreational zone" — a Park with landscaping-at the Parking spot. And the Muslim community was offered another site.However, the Saratov Muftiate said that the decision was unexpected for them. Although, according to its representatives, negotiations on the construction of a new mosque were already slow.This is just one of the cases. As the head of The spiritual Assembly of Muslims of Russia, member Of the public chamber of Russia mufti Albir Krganov notes, such situations are typical for many regions of the country."Last year, in a report on the observance of the rights of Russian Muslims, we proposed to establish uniform rules for allocating land for religious organizations. Now this issue is regulated at the regional level — it turns out that the fate of believers who have been achieving their goals for many years depends on the mood of a particular official," he says.And he gives an example: the structure headed by him can not build a mosque in the capital's Kommunarka. And this is not just a prayer building, but a social and educational interfaith center. In other words, in addition to the mosque, they plan to build Orthodox and Buddhist temples, as well as a synagogue."We are still waiting for the documents for the land plot. After all, this is a good thing: we are creating the center together with other traditional faiths. Eight years have passed, and the authorities have not made a decision," the mufti complains.According to him, this leads to two serious problems. First, because of the lack of mosques, believers perform mass prayers in private homes, which is prohibited by law.Secondly, not all self — organized chapels are in the field of view of official muftiats. The traditional Islamic clergy simply do not know what the believers are taught there."it is not clear what the leader of such a group preaches. We are very concerned about this," Krganov emphasizes.This situation is typical for non-Muslim regions of the country, explains religious scholar Roman Lunkin. And it's not just the reluctance of officials to delve into the needs of local communities."Another reason is the indignation of ordinary citizens due to stereotypes about Islam. Local authorities sometimes explain delays in the approval of a particular site. Although the construction of new buildings, and not only religious ones, almost always causes discontent among local residents," the expert explains.However, he notes, there is a way out."In Moscow, for example, they created Islamic spiritual centers. They are not called mosques, although the faithful pray there. This is an example of a reasonable solution to a problem. Without constructive cooperation with the authorities, the resentment of ordinary Muslims is growing," he says.However, the difficulties are not only related to the decisions of officials, Islamophobic sentiments or the reluctance of residents to put up with new buildings for mass events. The lack of mosques in the country is also due to internal reasons in the Muslim community, says Islamic scholar Rais Suleymanov."Often believers want to build a chapel in the center of the city, but it is always very difficult to build on the inhabited historical territory. Hence the misunderstanding. If Muslims offered less populated places, not necessarily outside the city limits, then mosques would be built faster. In addition, these issues would be easier to resolve at public hearings. After all, often the authorities do not mind, and local residents — on the contrary," he explains.In his opinion, the difficulties are partly due to "the isolation of the communities themselves" and too zealous observance of traditions. For example, ten years ago, some believers sacrificed sheep on Eid al-Adha right in Moscow courtyards. This caused a storm of indignation. Now there are specially designated places outside the city for the rite. And there are no conflicts."It is the same with collective prayers, — Suleymanov continues. — You can perform them in specially rented premises. Some ecclesiastical departments in Moscow rent a large closed area in Sokolniki, and Muslims are able to do this. Crowds of worshippers on the streets confuse citizens, especially in the capital and in St. Petersburg."In addition, he emphasizes, Russian Muslims now do not have a single structure. The authorities simply do not know which organization to conduct a dialogue with."Maybe for officials there is no fundamental difference with which of the muftiats to communicate, but the trouble is that the Muslims did not agree among themselves. A striking example is the construction of the main mosque of the Russian armed forces. They offered different options for where exactly to build it, but did not come to a common opinion. As a result, the question hung," says the religious scholar.Currently, there are three organizations of Federal significance and more than 80 local muftiats in Russia. And the fragmentation continues. This, according to Suleymanov, hinders the solution of the problem with mosques in the country.
Источник: https://ria.ru/20200930/mecheti-1577969911.html
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