"May soon disappear". The mystery of the Holy lake on the outskirts of Moscow

"May soon disappear". The mystery of the Holy lake on the outskirts of Moscow
MOSCOW, Oct 4 — RIA Novosti. Beach holidays, swimming and... prayer. In the South-East of Moscow, there is a place that is chosen by both vacationers and believers — The Holy lake. Thousands of pilgrims once flocked here in the hope of finding spiritual and material treasures. About the mystery of an unusual reservoir — in the material RIA Novosti.Perhaps, in Russia there is no such popular hydronym as Holy lake. Almost every region has its own. Everyone has a wonderful story to tell. And all the legends go back centuries. Each of these reservoirs was attributed healing properties. If something hurts, go take a dip. Tormented by the "unclean spirit" — wash your face with lake water. And some of the lakes were famous for such power that they flocked to the needy, living hundreds and thousands of kilometers away.   So, in the Ryazan region and Nizhny Novgorod region there are Holy lakes, but 150-200 years ago, local residents made a long way to the village of Kosino near Moscow, which recently became one of the capital's districts. There is also a Holy lake there. And for some reason, it was to him that the faithful rushed."Ivan Kuzmich and Glafira Alekseyevna Akhtyrko, citizens of the Chernihiv province of Starodub, have a daughter, baby Maria, who is ill. The child had a rash on the eyes, according to the definition of doctor Kryukov — eczema. The child went blind and was in this state for four months. When Manya was washed with water from the lake, she suddenly opened her eyes, completely clean and light. Back the girl herself was already running along the catwalk, and the grandmother, with tears of joy in her eyes, could hardly keep up with her. From that moment on, the child's illness disappeared without a trace," according to an entry in a local Church made in may 1903. And there are a lot of such cases. The Holy lake in Kosino was very popular both in the XIX century and two centuries earlier. This is evidenced by the large number of coins found on its coast. Why were believers drawn here? Historians believe that because of an ancient legend.Several legends about the Holy lake have come down to our days. One of them was found out from local residents by the writer Anton Chekhov. And I told it to my friend Vladimir Gilyarovsky, a well-known publicist and Moscow scholar. He had a dacha nearby, in the village of Kraskovo. "About this pond, by the way, there was a legend that it was formed on the site of a Church that failed during the wedding, along with the clergy and the nuptials. Anton Pavlovich wrote down this legend", — we read in Gilyarovsky's diary.According to another version, it happened during the service: the Church fell into the ground along with dozens of worshippers. There is another option."A hermit lived in that place, and there was a temple. A former robber came to him and wished to repent. His name was Vukol. And for a while they prayed, served in the Church together. And once during the Liturgy, the elder had a vision that on the site of the seven hills on the Bank of the Moscow river there would be the greatest city with many churches. And the temple began to sink into the ground, the hermit remained in it, ordering the novice Vukol to leave. This is why the place is considered Holy," says Archpriest Dmitry Babyev, rector of the Church of the assumption of the mother of God in Kosino. It is not known when exactly these events occurred. But historians have no doubt that this area was inhabited long before the Foundation of Moscow in 1147. The village of Kosino, according to archaeologists, appeared no later than the X century. In addition, ancient burial mounds of Vyatichi were found nearby. Researchers tried to find the legendary temple, which, according to legends, went underground or under water. But without success. The thing is that the Holy lake is karst. "There is no bottom as such — it falls very deep. A special device was immersed there, it broke through the silt layers. As a result, there was not enough cable," the priest says. Scientists are debating whether the temple was actually there. Some say that this is just a beautiful legend. They say that the lake in its current banks was formed several thousand years ago, so no Church could be built there (except on the water). Others retort: over the past Millennium, the reservoir has become wider, because the bottom constantly failed. Therefore, it is quite possible that there was once a Church on its shore. This is indicated by a mysterious artifact.At the end of the XIX century, the lake was equipped with baths. Pilgrims who immersed themselves in the Holy water, as they believed, necessarily visited the St. Nicholas Church. There was an ancient icon of St. Nicholas with a life. "The icon was revealed in a miraculous way in the nineteenth century. It was found in the waters of the Holy lake," explains father Dmitry.For a long time, the image was the main Shrine of Kosino — along with the miraculous Kosino (Modena) icon of the mother of God, delivered in the XVIII century from Italy. It was given to local residents by Tsar Peter the Great himself. At one time, he moved the famous "Brandt's boat" — the "grandfather of the Russian fleet" — from Yauza to the neighboring White lake. However, in 1940, when the local churches were closed, both shrines disappeared. The Kosinsky icon was later found in one of the museums — and now it is stored in the local assumption Church. But the face of St. Nicholas Disappeared without a trace. Unfortunately for scientists, this image was never studied before the revolution, so it is impossible to determine how ancient it was. The problem of confirming or refuting the legends about the Holy lake and the temple is compounded by the structure of the reservoir itself. Next to the Holy and White lakes is another Black lake. All three are connected by an underground river that feeds them. "When the Nekrasov metro line was built, there was some violation of the underground layers. These voids were concreted — a lot of concrete was put in there. Local people saw how strings of concrete mixers gathered there, which all drained into the earth's bowels," says the Archpriest.Because of the subway, the Holy lake, he complains, began to become shallow. For several years, the water has gone to three and a half meters, the banks are overgrown with reeds and swampy. The reservoir is already much smaller than the neighboring ones. And the disturbing process continues to this day."Maybe the reason for shallowing is not man-made, but natural. But, unfortunately, it seems to me that there was no human involvement," the priest notes.How to save a unique lake — no one knows yet. Precipitation that falls over a microdistrict built at zero does not go into the ground, but into the sewer.And local residents are afraid that the reservoir will disappear, as well as the temple that once stood here. And as a reminder of it, there will only be a sign on the shore and — processions that believers annually make to the Holy place.
Источник: https://ria.ru/20201004/ozero-1578124519.html
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