Apple spas 2020-what is this holiday and how it is celebrated in Russia

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Apple spas 2020-what is this holiday and how it is celebrated in Russia
MOSCOW, 18 Aug-RIA Novosti. The Transfiguration of the Lord, or Apple spas, in 2020 in Russia is celebrated on August 19. What you can and can't do on this day, the history of the holiday and traditions, its signs, rituals and customs, as well as congratulations on it and other interesting facts - in the material RIA Novosti.Apple spas is the most famous of a series of big holidays, during which believers consecrate the fruits of the new harvest. There are three of them. They are dedicated to Jesus Christ.The first saved – honey. It is celebrated on August 14. In the Church calendar, the holiday is called the Origin of the honest trees of the life-giving cross. Traditionally, honey is consecrated on this day.The second, Apple, falls on The Transfiguration of the Lord. This is one of the twelve great feasts – the twelve most important dates in the Church calendar. Each of them is dedicated to a particular episode in the life of the Saviour or the virgin. Apple it is called because it is customary to consecrate apples.And the third – bread (or nut). Believers celebrate it on August 29, the day of the image of Christ not made with hands. It is customary to consecrate grain and nuts on this holiday.The gospel tells in detail about the Transfiguration of the Lord. According to Scripture, the Savior once took three of his closest disciples – Peter, James, and John – to pray and ascended mount Tabor with them."And as he prayed, the appearance of His face changed, and His clothes became white and shining. And now, two men were talking with Him, who were (the prophets-ed.) Moses and Elijah; appearing in glory, they spoke of His Exodus, which He was to accomplish in Jerusalem. But Peter and those who were with him were heavy with sleep; but when they awoke, they saw His glory and the two men who stood with him," the Evangelist Luke testifies.When the prophets who had appeared miraculously began to disappear, Peter exclaimed, " Master! it is good for us to be here; we will make three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah, not knowing what I said."By "tabernacles" we mean huts. The fact is that this event occurred on the days of the Jewish holiday of Sukkot. Jews, in memory of the wanderings of their people after the Exodus from Egypt, build special tents outside their homes. They eat and sleep in them. "And As he was saying this, a cloud appeared and overshadowed them; and they were afraid when they entered into the cloud. And there was a voice from the cloud, saying: This is My Beloved Son, listen to him. When this voice was heard, Jesus was left alone. And they kept silent, and did not tell anyone in those days about what they saw, " writes Luke.In memory of this event, a holiday was established. According to the theological interpretation, then two natures of Jesus Christ were revealed – human and divine. As St. John Chrysostom wrote in the fourth century, the Lord was transformed "to show us the future transformation of our nature" and the future second coming of the Savior to Earth "on clouds in glory with angels".According to legend, this Christian holiday believers began to celebrate since the IV century. Initially, it did not have a clear date. Around the seventh century, Orthodox believers began to celebrate it on August 19. The date of the celebration does not change from year to year. And for Catholics, this date entered the calendar only in the XV century. They celebrate it on August 6.The Transfiguration of the Lord is distinguished by its solemnity. The clergy in the churches is in white robes – a symbol of the "light of Tabor".And after the Liturgy, the priest reads a special prayer for the consecration of the fruits of the new crop. And then he sprinkles them with Holy water.Although according to the regulations on this day it is necessary to consecrate the grapes. A special prayer is provided for him."But in the Russian Church, in places where grapes do not grow or ripen by this time, apples are consecrated on the feast of the Transfiguration of the Lord. At the same time, apples, as if replacing grapes, are consecrated by another prayer — "for the consecration of the first fruits of vegetables (fruits)", - makes an exception to the Church Charter.It is believed that on Yablochny spas, as on any other large Church holiday, you can not do hard physical labor. However, believers often ask whether it is possible to work on this day in principle. The priests note that there are no strict prohibitions on this, especially if the work cannot be postponed.But, for example, weddings on this day are not accepted to play. The fact is that on the two-hundredth holidays, which include the Transfiguration, churches do not marry. However, if people are not ecclesiastical, then the marriage these days, as the clergy say – is their own business.The most important thing on the feast of the Transfiguration is to come to the service in the Church, pray at home and remember this Evangelical event together with co-religionists.  According to representatives of the clergy, there is nothing wrong if a person does not consecrate apples and other fruits on this day. The main thing is to participate in Church prayer. In addition, on this day, you can go to the cemetery and honor the memory of deceased relatives. However, the custom of placing consecrated apples on graves is called superstition by priests.In addition to the Church tradition of consecrating the fruits of the new crop, there are many folk customs and traditions.In the old days, after the consecration of apples, it was customary to bake pies. They were treated to relatives and neighbors.And the girls on this day, talking with apples, said:  "What is hidden is far-fetched! What is far-fetched will come true! What will come true-will not pass!". It was believed that due to this plot, a betrothed would appear.Also on Savior of the Apple looked carefully at the weather. It was believed that if this day was cold, then January would be harsh.There are many other ways to celebrate the Transfiguration: "As the day of the second Saviour, so is the Cover (October 14-ed.)". Or, "Dry day heralds a dry autumn, wet — wet and clear — severe winter".This holiday has been one of the most revered in Russia since ancient times. Therefore, many works of Russian art are dedicated to him.The famous Russian artist Boris Kustodiev dedicated his works to the holiday. His most famous work of painting on this subject is "on the terrace".Holiday traditions of this date are also played by another famous painter Isaac Levitan in the painting "Blooming Apple trees".Leo Tolstoy wrote about the holiday in War and peace, and Fyodor Dostoevsky in Demons. Especially famous are the stories of Ivan Bunin "Antonovsky apples" and Ivan Shmelev "Apple spas".There are no well-established speech formulas for addressing each other on the day of this holiday. In churches you can hear: "Congratulations on the feast of the Transfiguration of the Lord!". And among themselves believers usually say: "With Apple Saviour!" Or more often simply: "Happy holiday!"However, many poems and sayings are dedicated to the Apple Saviour. They are also accepted to congratulate each other:In Apple Spas I wish you good, Joy in your heart today, always, Peace in your soul and great patience, Fruit ripe for you to enjoy. Let this holiday bring good, it will be light for You, easy, good.
Источник: https://ria.ru/20200818/1575935551.html
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